18. Example: Bicycle
Bicycle is a type of transportation. The basic Outcomes for all forms of transportation are the same. There are only two Outcomes, an item is at one location then is at a different location.
Drawing 3: High-level Outcomes for Transportation
Even though the most basic Outcome diagram has only two Outcomes there are many other performance Outcomes to achieve the ideal for transportation.
when you want, where you want,
the way you want,
with what and whom you want,
for the price you want with no hassle.
- Where the item is being moved to and from?
- When you start to transport the item? Start time.
- When the item arrives?
- Cost: Length of time needed to transport the item is a cost.
- Cost: Damage from a lack of safety is a cost.
- Hassle: Lack of safety also causes hassle.
- Cost: Energy needed to move the item is a cost.
- Cost: Pollution from transportation is a cost.
- Hassle: Anything that reduces comfort is a hassle.
- What item is being transported?
- Who wants the item transported?
- With: Combinations of items being transported.
The chunked down or zoomed in Outcome diagram looks like this:
Drawing 4: Chunked down Outcomes for Transportation
Notice that the first 4 Outcomes are a more detailed description of “Item is at a location” and the second 4 Outcomes are a more detailed description of “Item is at a different location”.
I’ve left out of the diagram the cost of pollution and energy because it’s not part of the required Outcomes to achieve the goal of transportation. Those extra Outcomes are important fertile areas of innovation.
Another very important point to consider is the purpose of transportation. The basic Outcome of transportation is to move an item from one location to a different location. Often people will perform a task because it satisfies another desire. Many people ride bicycles for exercise or entertainment. Optimizing the different Outcomes for exercise or entertainment is very different from riding a bicycle purely for transportation.
A perfect example of the Outcomes being different based on the purpose is a stationary exercise bicycle. A stationary bicycle is useless for transportation but ideal for many Conditions of exercise or entertainment.
before drawing an Outcomes diagram.
The Functions of a bicycle are determined by the Outcomes. A stationary exercise bicycle has different Functions than a bicycle used for transportation. Both share some Functions such as acquiring energy from the user.
Drawing 5: Bicycle Function Diagram
Even though a stationary bicycle doesn’t move the user still needs it to stop and wants it pointed in the desired direction. Also the energy isn’t transferred to the ground but something must be done with the energy collected from the user pedaling.
The ideal statement can help identify the Elements. Who and what are Objects. Where and when are Conditions or Begin and End States. Cost and hassle are undesired End States.
- Location of item. This is where the item currently is located. Transporting the item changes the location of the item.
- Item being transported
- Health of person transported
- Comfort of person transported
- Amount needed to transport
- Maximum energy level needed to transport
- Energy available for transporting
- Location where the item is before the Action of transporting is the Begin State
- Being healthy and undamaged is a typical Begin State
- Time transporting begins
- The destination is the End State of the location of the item.
- An item being damaged or unhealthy is an undesired End State.
- Tired, undesired for transportation. Possibly desired for exercise.
- Wet from perspiration, undesired.
- Time transporting ends
- On-time, desirable
- Early, desirable, neutral
- Late, undesirable
- Length of time to transport
- Mount / Dismount
- Start time can affect the end time, safety, etc.
- End time
- Location where the item is moving. The location Condition is a different concept from the location Object. Condition affects the ability of being able to change the Object. Transporting the item to a location that is far away will affect the ability to transport it.
There are many Resources available in transportation including: passenger, weather, other vehicles, gravity, time of day, surface of the road, etc.
Once you have the Functions defined you can perform the Function using Components. The 15 Alternatives and 7 Elements also apply to Components so you can start with an existing device like a bicycle and find Alternatives for each Component.
A bicycle has many Components. Lets look at 9 of the major Components.
- handle bars
Objects for wheel:
Size, shape, weight, solid, spoked, material
Single wheel directly moves bicycle
Single wheel, unicycle
Wheel is added to the bicycle.
Single indirect wheel
Wheel drives treads
Single Other than wheel, ski
Other part of the bicycle
Wheel stays with the bicycle, welded on
Becomes a single wheel, once
One wheel stabilizes, once, one condition
One wheel, once, one condition
Many wheels directly move bicycle (2 wheel drive)
Many wheels (tricycle, quad-cycle, etc)
Indirect, wheel not part of bicycle. Road is wheels like a conveyor.
Many other, skis
Many same, multiple fixed wheels
Partial same, part of wheel is fixed.
Wheel doesn’t change many times, some conditions
Wheel stabilizes many times, many conditions, many wheels
Becomes many wheels
Becomes a wheel many times, many conditions
Becomes part of a wheel
Wheel repairs many times, or conditions
Replace part of wheel
Wheel changeable, many options
All wheel bicycle (sphere like Illustration 29: Cage keeps tigers out)
Any indirect, wheel drive treads, or propeller, etc.
Any other, choose any option
All other, all options included
Any wheel stable
Wheel always same, last for lifetime
No wheel same, customized
Becomes any wheel, any condition
Becomes all wheel(s)
Becomes no wheel: track, float
Any wheel repaired
All wheels repaired
No wheel repairs, see Keep Stable
|Chapter 17||Chapter 19|